Located on a peninsula that just in the middle of the West Lake, Tay Ho temple is said to be popular destination among unmarried people, who come here on Sundays and on the first and 15th day of each lunar month to pray for good fortune.
Phu Tay Ho is on the northern bank of the same-named lake, or West Lake, a few kilometres along the lake road from Xuan Dieu Street. Whereas pagodas are for Buddhists, Phu Ta Ho is dedicated to the Mother Goddesses and the Jade Emperor and is therefore most correctly referred to as a palace, although laypeople would call it a temple.
Don’t just come straight into the temple. The street leading to the gate is packed with colourful stalls selling snacks like banh tom, prawns cooked on a thick batter base, then freshly re-fried before serving with a dipping sauce. You’ll also find sweets, cakes, fruit, plus paraphernalia associated with making offerings at the temple, like fake money and incense. You will also see elderly men writing prayers for visitors to burn to send to the gods (or goddesses).
Legend has it that one of the three Mother Goddesses appeared to two Confucian scholars in a pub near the lake. She gave them food and drink and wrote poetry and they were so taken by her beauty that they later returned, but there was no sign of her or the pub, just a scroll of poetry, revealing herself as one of the Mother Goddesses. They then built the temple right next to the lake in her honour. Another variation of the legend says she appeared to a fisherman on the lake, smiling and reciting poetry.
The architecture of the temple
In the first large building you come to, if you turn left inside the gate, you will see three empty throne-like seats at the back of the altar. They represent the three Goddesses and are ready for the Goddesses to occupy when they are on earth. The altar in the building next door has effigies of the Goddesses, surrounded by their male Chinese servants. Below the altar is a cave of animals representing the animist set of beliefs in place at the time Mother Goddess worship began.
The Jade Emperor is also worshipped here but is considered less important than the Goddesses, so his position is in front of or below the Goddesses. See him surrounded by his servants in the first temple building.
When you visit you will see people preparing trays of food and flowers and leaving them at the altar with a stick of incense burning. The smoke from the incense makes a connection with the Mother Goddesses or the Jade Emperor and their strength flows down into the produce on the tray. When the stick has burnt down, the produce is taken home and given to a sick relative, or whoever the prayer was for.
Similarly, incense put into the large pots in front of the altars is there to help transmit prayers, with small offerings being left in the pots in front of the altars. Note that larger donations, from around 50,000 dong upwards, are given to a man sitting on the veranda outside the building and recorded in a book. A sign requests that only one stick of incense be used to avoid excessive smoke.
Note the large bat-shaped gong, as well as the bat-styled decorative motifs on the exterior of the buildings. The word for bat and good fortune are homonyms, so bats were traditionally used to represent good fortune to those who could not read.
Turn right after entering through the main gate and you will come to a courtyard with statues of a golden buffalo and its calf. There is, of course, a legend surrounding the calf which goes something like this: During the Ly dynasty—the first free dynasty after Chinese rule—there lived a monk named Nguyen Minh Phong. He was also a medicine man, and when the king was suffering from an illness Phong was called and cured him. The ill emperor in China heard about this and sent for him. Phong was able to help and was offered the contents of one of the emperor’s store rooms as reward. He choose one with copper and bronze and learnt how to cast bronze. The king was so impressed that he had a large bell cast—a smaller replica of which can be seen in this courtyard—and when it was rung it could be heard all the way to China. A buffalo calf heard the bell and, thinking it was his mother’s call, followed it. He spent many years trying to find his mother in Hanoi to no avail, but his trampling resulted in what is now West Lake.
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